She loves the Beatles and summertime and her friends. People, such as her grandmother, tell Sunny how she ought to think about the civil rights workers and about blacks. In his part of the story, Ray chafes at the lack of equality in the Jim Crow South. For him, the civil rights workers are moving too slowly. He pushes to see if the Civil Rights Act of will be enforced in Mississippi almost as soon as it has been signed.
The last episode in the book is not surprising. It should be. It should be inconceivable. But the picture of Mississippi in is so well drawn that when the episode happens it almost seems inevitable. And there are pages of nonfiction background about the mid-sixties, including a biography of Lyndon Johnson. My current thought is that this is an excellent choice for a middle grade kid who wants a reading challenge.
Pinterest playlist for Revolution. Roaring Brook Press an imprint of Macmillan Publishers , Publisher recommends for ages Steve Sheinkin is a master of narrative nonfiction. And his stories are so fast-paced they are hard to put down. All of that is true for The Port Chicago The men were stationed at Port Chicago, east of San Francisco. They loaded ammunition onto ships.
They had no training in handling ammunition. Only black Navy men loaded ammunition, not white Navy men. An explosion killed roughly men, injured many others, and sunk two ships. When the divisions were ordered to resume loading ammunition onto ships the 50 refused. They were tried for mutiny. A young Thurgood Marshall was outraged by the racism he saw in the mutiny trial. He pressed the Secretary of the Navy to conduct an investigation. Eleanor Roosevelt also let the Secretary of the Navy know that she was concerned about the outcome of the trial.
Sheinkin sets the story of these black enlisted men at Port Chicago within the context of the Civil Rights Movement. Even the blood supply kept on hand for wounded soldiers was divided into white blood and black blood. At the beginning of the war, the decision was made to continue segregation. Besides that, blacks were only considered capable of jobs in the mess hall or other menial tasks.
Loading ammunition was considered a menial task. In , as a direct result of the actions of the Port Chicago 50 and the unfairness of their mutiny trial, the secretary of the Navy ordered the Navy to be desegregated. In President Truman desegregated all branches of the military.
This book makes it clear that they should be mentioned and they should be honored. The book is full of quotes from the Port Chicago 50 themselves and from the trial transcripts. In the back there are source notes, as well as an extensive bibliography. Countdown by Deborah Wiles. Scholastic Press Countdown really does include primary sources. The documentary portion of the novel captures the national politics and international politics of the early 60s, as well as the social climate.
On the international scene, Kennedy and Khrushchev are engaged in a staring match over the missiles in Cuba. On the national scene, blacks are protesting their treatment in the segregated South. There is a buildup of military advisors in Vietnam.
The documentary portion includes short biographies of Pete Seeger, JFK and civil rights activist Mary Lou Hamer, as well as many, many quotes from news and government agencies and from speeches. It also includes a remarkable number of photographs. Her older sister has become involved with a group of people trying to change the world. Her best friend is acting like her worst enemy.
And on top of all of this, the missile crisis makes her afraid she may not live long enough to grow up. I was four years old during the Cuban missile crisis. A year later my parents went to the March on Washington. As I grew I became terrified of nuclear war, just as Franny was.
Wiles has rendered my experience of the 60s very accurately. Book Trailer Countdown resources on Pinterest. Written by Steve Sheinkin.
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Illustrated by Tim Robinson. Square Fish an imprint of MacMillan Publishers , Publisher recommends for ages 10 and older. Sheinkin tells the story of the American Revolution in a fun and funny way.
That night Adams wanted to close the window in the room because he was afraid of catching a cold. Franklin told him to leave the window open or they would suffocate and launched into a lecture about what causes colds, a lecture that soon put Adams to sleep. In that story, Franklin and Adams become real people, not just names to memorize.
The book is made up of short chapters that cut back and forth between battles in the North and battles in the South. The chapters also cut between the political actions of the American Congress and the war. And we see Benjamin Franklin beseeching the French government to enter the war on behalf of the Americans. We also find out that when Franklin arrived in France the British were afraid he would stretch a chain from Calais to Dover and administer an electric shock to Britain that would be strong enough to overturn the island this anecdote had me laughing out loud. In the very beginning of the war, at the battle in Lexington, the reader sees both the British commander and the American commander telling their troops not to fire.
Slave sales were taxed and notarized. The vending of the black body and the sundering of the black family became an economy unto themselves, estimated to have brought in tens of millions of dollars to antebellum America.
In there were more millionaires per capita in the Mississippi Valley than anywhere else in the country. Beneath the cold numbers lay lives divided. Our affection for each was very strong, and this made us always apprehensive of a cruel parting.
Forced partings were common in the antebellum South. A slave in some parts of the region stood a 30 percent chance of being sold in his or her lifetime. Twenty-five percent of interstate trades destroyed a first marriage and half of them destroyed a nuclear family. When the wife and children of Henry Brown, a slave in Richmond, Virginia, were to be sold away, Brown searched for a white master who might buy his wife and children to keep the family together.